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    ARTIGOS 05-08-2014

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    Mensagens : 3215
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    Data de inscrição : 17/07/2009
    Idade : 37
    Localização : Portugal
    05082014

    ARTIGOS 05-08-2014

    Mensagem por ANASP

    [size=32]ARTIGOS[/size]





    INTEL



    [size=31] Obama Hosts U.S.-Africa Summit[/size]
    President Barack Obama kicks off the first U.S.-Africa Summit on Monday (Guardian), convening nearly fifty heads of state and government to Washington, DC for a three-day conference the White House has billed as an elevation of its engagement with the continent. The agenda is heavily focused on business and trade, although the Ebola outbreak has forced the presidents of Liberia and Sierra Leone to withdraw in order to address the crisis (AP). The summit comes after the International Monetary Fund warned that economic mismanagement risked "spoiling" rising growth and better governance on the continent (FT).
    Analysis
    "China has moved ahead of the United States in treating Africa as a strategic continent, directing significant investments of time as well as resources. The summit is well timed for the United States in continuing to position us as a leader on the continent," says Jendayi Frazer in a CFR interview.
    "Balancing idealism and commerce will be a theme at the summit. In Washington, support for Africa draws on a curious coalition, spanning conservative members of Congress, often linked to Christian groups active on the continent, leftist Democrats interested in development and pro-business moderates from both parties," writes The Economist.
    "America should now embrace a science-led agenda in Africa by partnering American institutions of higher education, scientific research centers and technological entrepreneurs with African countries to help them bolster economic growth and reduce dependency on foreign aid," write Nkem Khumbah and Melvin P. Foote for The New York Times.
     
    PACIFIC RIM
    Abe Wraps Up Latin America Tour
    Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe concluded a five-country visit to Latin America (AFP) Saturday, hailing the region as an "indispensable partner" after sealing a series of deals. The tour comes just after Chinese president Xi Jinping finished his own visit to the region.
    CHINA: A magnitude-6.1 earthquake struck China's southern Yunnan province, killing at least 398 people and injuring 1,900 on Sunday afternoon.
     
    SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA
    India's Modi Visits Nepal
    Indian prime minister Narendra Modi addressed Nepal's legislature on Sunday (NYT), marking the first speech by a foreign leader before the Constituent Assembly and making Modi the first Indian prime minister in seventeen years to make a state visit to the country. The writing of Nepal's constitution has been delayed for years.
    CFR's Alyssa Ayres writes about India's role in a changing Asia in this new blog post.
    AFGHANISTAN: Afghanistan's troubled presidential election sank into deeper crisis on Sunday when supporters of Abdullah Abdullah released a recording (Reuters) they claimed to be Vice President Mohammad Karim Khalili encouraging vote-rigging in favor of Ashraf Ghani, the race's other contender.
     
    MIDDLE EAST
    ISIS Captures Kurdish Territory
    ISIS insurgents in Iraq have taken control of several northwestern enclaves from Kurdish control, seizing Iraq's biggest dam, an oilfield, and three more towns on Sunday after inflicting their first major defeat on Kurdish forces since sweeping through the region in June (al-Jazeera).
    This new CFR Infoguide delves into the Sunni-Shia divide fracturing the Middle East.
    ISRAEL: Israeli military officials said the bulk of Israeli ground forces in Gaza have pulled back, though air strikes continued, killing nine Palestinians in a strike outside a United Nations-run school sheltering refugees. The U.S. State Department issued an unusually harsh condemnation of the Israeli strike (FT).
    CFR's Elliott Abrams discusses Hamas' role in this new blog post.
     
    AFRICA
    United States Sends Ebola Experts To West Africa
    The United States announced plans to send at least fifty public health experts to West Africa to help fight the outbreak of Ebola (BBC), which has claimed 728 lives in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone this year. Meanwhile, the World Health Organization and West African leaders are finalizing a $100 million plan to combat the highly-infectious disease.
     
    EUROPE
    Europe Commemorates World War I
    European leaders and citizens prepared on Monday to mark the 100-year anniversary of Britain's entrance into World War I (Guardian). The commemoration began Sunday when French president François Hollande and his German counterpart Joachim Gauck embraced at a war memorial in Alsace, marking Germany's declaration of war on France on Aug. 3, 1914.
    RUSSIA: Russia announced on Monday new military exercises near the border with Ukraine (Reuters), a move that will likely alarm Western powers that have accused Russia of increasing troop levels along the border.
     
    AMERICAS
    AP Reports Clandestine USAID Program in Cuba
    A program under the Obama administration secretly dispatched young Latin Americans to Cuba under the guise of health and civic programs to provoke political change, the Associated Press reported (AP). The alleged program, overseen by the U.S. Agency for International Development, was launched as early as October 2009.
    UNITED STATES: House Republicans passed a modest $694 million bill (FT) to tackle an influx of child migrants at the southern border, but disagreements with Senate Democrats will mean that Congress will not approve funds until at least September.





    [size=31]Seventy-Two Hour Cease-Fire Initiated in Gaza[/size]
    Israel and Palestinian factions in Gaza entered a seventy-two-hour humanitarian cease-fire on Tuesday (al-Jazeera), executing a temporary truce brokered by Egypt as a step toward negotiating a more enduring solution to weeks of heavy fighting. Meanwhile, Spain announced it would temporarily freeze arms exports (Haaretz) to Israel on Monday, following a similar move by Britain, which announced it was reviewing its arms export licenses to Israel. The United Kingdom's foreign office minister Baroness Warsi resigned over the conflict (FT), citing her opposition to the government's policy in Gaza. An Israeli delegation is expected to arrive in Cairo in the next few days to attempt to negotiate a more permanent agreement (AP).
    Analysis
    "America's willingness to entangle itself in Middle Eastern conflicts is declining. That means that, long term, Israel's security can only be guaranteed by achieving peace with its neighbours," writes Gideon Rachman for the Financial Times.
    "Perhaps the greatest challenge lies in convincing the American and especially Israeli leaders of the need to overcome their resistance to Hamas' involvement in Palestinian politics," writes Khaled Elgindy in Foreign Affairs.
    "Here in Israel, as soon as the war is over, we must begin the process of creating a new partnership, an internal alliance that will alter the array of narrow interest groups that controls us," writes David Grossman for The New York Times.
     
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.]Explore CFR’s Interactive on the Sunni-Shia Divide
    Sectarian conflict is becoming entrenched in a growing number of Muslim countries. Tensions between Sunnis and Shias could reshape the future Middle East. Click on the Sunni-Shia Divide to learn more.
    PACIFIC RIM
    Japanese Defense Report Highlights Territorial Disputes
    Japan's defense ministry warned in its annual white paper that it is deeply concerned(JapanTimes) about China's rapidly expanding maritime and airspace activities around the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. It also reasserted its claim over Seoul's easternmost islets of Dokdo, a move that South Korea strongly denounced (Yonhap).
    CFR's Sheila Smith explores Japan's new politics and what it means for the U.S.-Japan alliance in this new report.
    CHINA: China dismissed a suggestion by the United States and the Philippines that itsuspend development (SCMP) in the disputed South China Sea ahead of a regional summit this week.
     
    SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA
    Western Troops Shot at Afghan Base
    A man dressed in Afghan military uniform fired at foreign troops at a military base (RFE), causing casualties, according to Afghanistan's defense ministry. NATO said it was investigating an incident involving both Afghan and international troops at Camp Qargha, a training base for Afghan forces to the west of Kabul.
    BANGLADESH: Nearly 120 people are still missing after a heavily overloaded ferry capsized (AFP) thirty kilometers south of the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka on Monday.
     
    MIDDLE EAST
    Iraq Orders Air Force to Support Kurds
    Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki ordered Iraq's air force to support Kurdish forces(NYT) fighting Sunni extremist group ISIS in the north, a move that signaled a thaw in the fraught relations between the central government and Kurdish leaders.
    CFR's Stephen Biddle assesses the U.S. government's options for responding to ISIS in Iraqin a testimony before the House Armed Services Committee.
     
    AFRICA
    Obama to Announce $14 Billion in Africa Deals
    President Barack Obama is expected to announce on Tuesday that U.S. companies will commit to investing $14 billion (Bloomberg) in sectors including construction, clean energy, banking, and information technology across Africa. The president is hosting a three-day Africa summit in Washington this week.
    CFR's Jendayi Frazer gives insight into what to expect from Obama's Africa summit in this interview.
    WEST AFRICA: The World Bank pledged as much as $200 million in emergency funding (WSJ) to help Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone fight the Ebola epidemic following requests from the World Health Organization and West African governments.
     
    EUROPE
    Azerbaijan and Armenia Clash Over Territory
    Azerbaijan's defense ministry said that fourteen of its soldiers had been killed in multiple confrontations with Armenia over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh(EurasiaNet). The presidents of both countries are slated to meet this week in a bid to calm tensions after the bloodiest clashes since the two sides signed a ceasefire in 1994.
    BULGARIA: Bulgaria named Georgi Bliznashki, a law professor and former Socialist lawmaker, as the country's interim prime minister until elections on October 5 (Reuters). The appointment follows the resignation of the Socialist-led coalition at the end of July as the Balkan state grapples with its worst banking crisis since the 1990s.
     
    AMERICAS
    U.S. Rabbis Press for Release of Cuba Contractor
    A group of American rabbis have urged President Barack Obama to negotiate the release of Alan Gross (BBC), a U.S. Jewish contractor detained in Cuba since 2009. Gross is serving a fifteen-year term for illegally taking internet equipment to Cuba; his imprisonment has hampered efforts at diplomacy between the two countries.
    ARGENTINA: A U.S. judge on Monday dismissed a bid (AP) by Argentina to remove the court-appointed mediator in the dispute with creditors that triggered the country's default last week.



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    The End of Consensus Politics in China

    By John Minnich

    Chinese President Xi Jinping's anti-corruption campaign is the broadest and deepest effort to purge, reorganize and rectify the Communist Party leadership since the death of Mao Zedong in 1976 and the rise of Deng Xiaoping two years later. It has already probed more than 182,000 officials across numerous regions and at all levels of government. It has ensnared low-level cadres, mid-level functionaries and chiefs of major state-owned enterprises and ministries. It has deposed top military officials and even a former member of the hitherto immune Politburo Standing Committee, China's highest governing body. More than a year after its formal commencement and more than two years since its unofficial start with the downfall of Chongqing Party Secretary Bo Xilai, the campaign shows no sign of relenting.

    It is becoming clear that this campaign is unlike anything seen under Presidents Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao. Both carried out anti-corruption drives during their first year in office and periodically throughout their tenures as a means to strengthen their position within the Party and bureaucracy and to remind the public, however impotently, that Beijing still cared about its well being. But that was housekeeping. This appears to be different: longer, stronger, more comprehensive and more effective.

    With this in mind, we ask: What is the fundamental purpose of Xi's anti-corruption campaign? An attempt to answer this question will not tell us China's political future, but it will tell us something about Xi's strategy -- not only for consolidating his personal influence within the Party, government and military apparatuses, but also and more important, for managing the immense social, economic, political and international pressures that are likely to come to a head in China during his tenure. 


    Read more »




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    ICT



     Korea Peninsula5 Aug 2014Risks of Intelligence Pathologies in South Korea





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    Nathan Thrall
    Senior Analyst, Middle East
    Jerusalem, Israel

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    Nathan Thrall is a Senior Analyst with the Middle East Program of the International Crisis Group covering Gaza, Israel, Jordan and the West Bank. He has written on American foreign policy, the Arab uprisings, Fatah, Hamas, Hizbollah, Iran, Israel, Palestinian politics, the peace process, and Salafi-Jihadi groups. His writing has appeared in Arabic in Al- HayatAsharq al-Awsat, and Al-Quds al-Arabi, and in English in The New York TimesThe New RepublicGQSlate, and The New York Review of Books. A contributing editor at Tablet Magazine and a former member of the editorial staff of The New York Review of Books, he has been interviewed by The New York TimesThe Wall Street JournalThe Washington Post, the BBC, NPR, and CNN. He received a BA from the University of California and an MA from Columbia University. He lives in Jerusalem.



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    Hackers chineses roubam dados de mísseis israelitas “Iron Dome”
    Posted: 05 Aug 2014 05:29 AM PDT
    Um grupo de hackers chineses foi acusado de roubar esquemas detalhados sobre o bilionário sistema de mísseis israelita “Iron Dome” de Israel. O grupo,  que já foi identificado, por uma empresa de segurança dos EUA, como a Unidade 61398 do exército chinês, esteve anteriormente ligado a vários ciberataques a empresas de Defesa dos EUA. Chinese hackers [...]
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    Calendário Geopolítico da Semana 4 Agosto 2014
    Posted: 05 Aug 2014 05:16 AM PDT
    Geopolitical Calendar: Week of August 4, 2014 Analysis AUGUST 4, 2014 | 0403  Print  Text Size  Stratfor Analysis Editor’s Note: The following is an internal Stratfor document listing significant meetings and events planned for the next week. Stratfor analysts use this to stay informed of the activities and travel of world leaders and to guide their areas of [...]
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    Captured Hamas Combat Manual Explains Benefits of Human Shields
    Published on: August 4, 2014
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.]IDF forces in the Gaza Strip found a Hamas manual on “Urban Warfare,” which belonged to the Shuja’iya Brigade of Hamas’ military wing, the Al-Qassam Brigades. The manual explains how the civilian population can be used against IDF forces and reveals that Hamas knows the IDF is committed to minimizing harm to civilians.
    Throughout Operation Protective Edge, Hamas has continuously used the civilian population of Gaza as human shields. The discovery of a Hamas “urban warfare” manual by IDF forces reveals that Hamas’ callous use of the Gazan population was intentional and preplanned.
    This Hamas urban warfare manual exposes two truths: (1) The terror group knows full well that the IDF will do what it can to limit civilian casualties. (2) The terror group exploits these efforts by using civilians as human shields against advancing IDF forces.
    The Manual:
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    In a portion entitled “Limiting the Use of Weapons,” the manual explains that:
    The soldiers and commanders (of the IDF) must limit their use of weapons and tactics that lead to the harm and unnecessary loss of people and [destruction of] civilian facilities. It is difficult for them to get the most use out of their firearms, especially of supporting fire [e.g. artillery].
    [size][size]
    Clearly Hamas knows the IDF will limit its use of weapons in order to avoid harming civilians, including refraining from using larger firepower to support for infantry.
    The manual goes on to explain that the “presence of civilians are pockets of resistance” that cause three major problems for advancing troops:
    [/size][/size]
    (1) Problems with opening fire
    (2) Problems in controlling the civilian population during operations and afterward
    (3) Assurance of supplying medical care to civilians who need it
    [size][size]
    Lastly, the manual discusses the benefits for Hamas when civilian homes are destroyed:
    [/size][/size]
    The destruction of civilian homes: This increases the hatred of the citizens towards the attackers [the IDF] and increases their gathering [support] around the city defenders (resistance forces[i.e. Hamas]).
    [size][size]
    It is clear that Hamas actually desires the destruction of homes and civilian infrastructure, knowing it will increase hatred for the IDF and support their fighters.
    Why Shuja’iya is Important
    It is also of no small importance that this manual belongs to the Shuja’iya Brigade. The IDF fought a major battle in the neighborhood of Shuja’iya, which had been turned into a terrorist stronghold. The discovery of this manual suggests that the destruction in Shuja’iya was always part of Hamas’ plan.
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    NATO / ACO



    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] repeat-x 0% 100% rgb(223,227,229);padding:12px 0px 12px 12px;vertical-align:top""> [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] repeat-x 0% 100% rgb(223,227,229);padding:12px 0px 12px 12px;vertical-align:top"">NATO Secretary General, British Prime Minister, SACEUR discuss Ukraine crisis
    NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen discussed the impact of the Ukraine crisis on the Alliance’s collective security with British Prime Minister David Cameron and Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) Gen. Philip Breedlove at Allied Command Operations headquarters in Mons, Belgium on Monday (4 August 2014). The Secretary General said that NATO “stands determined” to defend all Allies against any threat. “We are at a crucial point in history: as we remember the devastation of World War One, our peace and security are once again being tested, now by Russia’s aggression against Ukraine. And the criminal downing of Flight MH17 has made clear that a conflict in one part of Europe can have tragic consequences around the world,” he said.



    NATO Secretary General, British Prime Minister, SACEUR discuss Ukraine crisis
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.]5 Aug 2014
    NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen discussed the impact of the Ukraine crisis on the Alliance’s collective security with British Prime Minister David Cameron and Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) General Philip Breedlove at Allied Command Operations headquarters in Mons, Belgium on Monday 4 August 2014.

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    INTERPOL / EUROPOL


    04 August 2014[Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.] [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.] [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.] [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver esta imagem.]
    INTERPOL supports operation to put the brakes on stolen vehicle trafficking




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    [*] Russia orders Ka-52K helicopters for Mistral-class LHDs
    Russia has ordered a batch of Kamov Ka-52K 'Hokum B' naval attack helicopters for the Russian Navy's Mistral-class landing helicopter dock (LHD) vessels. Speaking to IHS Jane's , a Russian defence industry source stated that the order included 32 Ka-52K helicopters. These will be built by Progress
    [*]Japanese White Paper accuses China of taking 'high-handed actions'
    Japan's 2014 defence White Paper has accused China of taking "high-handed actions" over maritime rights and interests in the waters off East Asia. "The security environment surrounding Japan has become increasingly severe, being compassed by various challenges and destabilising


    [*] MHI's F-35 build plans at risk

    Mitsubishi Heavy Industries' (MHI's) plan to manufacture components for the international Lockheed Martin F-35 programme is reportedly at risk because the company has not received a commitment from the Japanese government to subsidise the production programme. Japanese media reported on 5 August
    [*]Russia orders Ka-52K helicopters for Mistral-class LHDs
    Russia has ordered a batch of Kamov Ka-52K 'Hokum B' naval attack helicopters for the Russian Navy's Mistral-class landing helicopter dock (LHD) vessels. Speaking to IHS Jane's , a Russian defence industry source stated that the order included 32 Ka-52K helicopters. These will be built by Progress
    [*]Spain approves EUR1.3 billion in extra defence spending
    The Spanish cabinet has approved a EUR1.31 billion (USD1.75 billion) supplementary spending package for the armed forces that includes a new EUR30.56 million credit to cover training programmes for the front-line units of all three services: the Fuerza Conjunta (Joint Force). However, the bulk of






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    Convenção de Istambul - Violência contra as mulheres (entrada em vigor)

    Entrou em vigor no dia 1 de Agosto de 2014 a Convenção de Istambul, após a ratificação do 10.º Estado - Andorra - tal como era exigido para entrada em vigor.
    Portugal foi o primeiro país da União Europeia a ratificar a Convenção.


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    A Convenção do Conselho da Europa para a prevenção e o combate à violência contra as mulheres e a violência doméstica, obriga que os Estados que a ratificaram, como Portugal, a tomarem as medidas necessárias, legislativas e outras, para erradicar todas as formas de violência contra as Mulheres, desde o assédio sexual, à violação, aos casamentos forçados, à violência doméstica ou à mutilação genital.

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