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Bem-vindo ao Fórum Oficial da ANASP, Fundada em 2009 | Associação Nacional Agentes Segurança Privada | Portugal

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    Mensagem por ANASP

    RTP2 transmite programação dedicada à Guerra Colonial

    [size=16]02 | 02 | 2015   14.25H[/size]
    [size=16]O canal RTP2 transmite, de 3 a 6 de fevereiro, uma série de documentários, filmes e debates sobre o inicío da Guerra Colonial, por ocasião dos 54 anos do início do conflito.[/size]
    [size=16]Destak | [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][/size]
    [size=16]A Guerra Colonial foi o período de confrontos entre as Forças Armadas Portuguesas e as forças organizadas pelos movimentos de libertação das antigas províncias ultramarinas de Angola, Guiné-Bissau e Moçambique, entre 1961 e 1974. [/size]
    [size=16]O início deste episódio da história militar portuguesa ocorreu em Angola, mais concretamente no dia 4 de Fevereiro de 1961. A Revolução dos Cravos em Portugal, a 25 de Abril de 1974, determinou o fim deste conflito militar. [/size]
    [size=16]A partir de 3ª feira, dia 3 de fevereiro, às 23h30, a RTP2 transmite o filme Quem Vai à Guerra. Entre 1961 e 1974, milhares de homens foram mobilizados e enviados para Angola, Moçambique e Guiné-Bissau para combater numa longa e mal assumida Guerra Colonial. [/size]
    [size=16]Passados 50 anos desde o seu início a guerra é, ainda hoje, um assunto delicado e hermético, apoiado por um discurso exclusivamente masculino, como se a guerra só aos ex-combatentes pertencesse e só a eles afetasse. No entanto, quando um país está em guerra, será que fica alguém de fora? [/size]
    [size=16]Quem Vai à Guerra é um filme de guerra de uma geração, contada por quem ficou à espera, por quem quis voluntariamente ir ao lado e por quem foi socorrer os soldados às frentes de batalha. Um discurso feminino sobre a guerra. [/size]
    [size=16]No decorrer da semana, o canal transmite também o episódio da série documental A Guerra, intitulado Andar Rápido e em Força, o filme Guerra ou Paz e o Debate Descolonização - 40 anos.[/size]
     

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    In this article for the “National Perspectives and CSDP” special focus series, Simon J. Smith looks at British involvement in the CSDP and its role in the future development of the policy.
    By [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] · Published: Sunday, 1st February 2015





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    ArtigosAuthor
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Mark Munson
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Matthew Hallex
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Jake Bebber
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]James Drennan
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Jake Bebber
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Erik Sand
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Brett Davis
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Chris Rawley
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Viribus Unitis
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Dave Blair
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Claude Berube
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Michael Glynn
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Jeremy Renken
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Thomas Rowden
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Chris Rawley
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Harry Kazianis
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Steven Wills
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Jessica Huckabey
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]Ben Collopy
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]James Bridger

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    Posted: 02 Feb 2015 11:42 AM PST
    // // // ]]> Um implacável olhar geopolítico sobre as realidades europeias que vai muito para além dos “números” organizados pelos burocratas de Bruxelas e dos quadros, lendas e narrativas preparadas nas ‘cozinhas’ de Berlim…  The fate of the European Nation   George Friedman, author of “Flashpoints: The Emerging Crisis in Europe”,  argues that the [...]
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    Posted: 02 Feb 2015 09:38 AM PST
    // // // ]]> A crescente fragmentação da Europa está a acontecer mesmo debaixo dos nossos olhos. Mas, claro, há quem se recuse a ver como essa tendência ganha um peso crescente a cada dia que passa. O autismo das elites políticas europeias que, no pós-2008, pactuaram com as elites financeiras corruptas leva-as a fazer [...]
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    Posted: 02 Feb 2015 09:35 AM PST
    // // // ]]> Jacques Sapir analisa a vitória do Syrisa e mostra como com esta decisão política os gregos enfiaram a Alemanha na sua própria armadilha. Como aqui se tinha escrito na noite histórica da limpa vitória eleitoral de Tsipras, a Alemanha perdeu a sua segunda guerra na Grécia, a outra tinha sido em [...]
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    Posted: 02 Feb 2015 09:26 AM PST
    // // // ]]> Durante sua primeira semana no cargo, o governo grego confrontou a Alemanha e salientou as boas relações que tem com a Rússia. Esta iniciativa faz parte da estratégia de Atenas para as próximas negociações com os credores, visando um maior alívio da dívida. Atenas entende que as discussões serão difíceis, porque [...]
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    [ltr][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]One of the most persistent complaints about the Littoral Combatant Ship (LCS) is that it is not fit to replace the retiring Perry class frigates. LCS has been characterized as under-armed in comparison with the Perry class, and not capable of assuming the roles and missions of a frigate. In light of these criticisms it’s useful to examine what constitutes a frigate in the second decade of the 21st century. What sort of frigate does the U.S. Navy need to meet present requirements? Finally, does the LCS, in both its current form, and as envisioned in the frigate upgrade meet those requirements, particularly in armament? The answers may surprise LCS critics who continue to call for a Cold War frigate as the solution for 21st century naval missions.
    The definition of the frigate as a naval combatant has been in constant flux since the end of the Second World War. It appeared in the Second World War as a British Royal Navy (RN) classification for an independent antisubmarine warfare vessel. By 1945, the term “frigate” generally meant a ship of 1300-2000 tons; less than 350 feet in length; a speed of less than 25 knots, and an armament focused on antisubmarine weapons.
    The U.S. Navy substantively changed the frigate designation after World War 2 with its first generation of purpose-built aircraft carrier escorts. The demise of the Axis surface fleets, the well-established threat from air attack, and the rise of a Soviet Navy based on submarines called for a new, affordable combatant that could meet these challenges. A ship roughly 6000 tons in displacement, a speed comparable to fleet carriers, and capable of mounting significant antiair (AAW) and antisubmarine (ASW) weapons was seen as an ideal cross between the expensive, man-power intensive cruiser and the cheaper, but less capable destroyer class. The new ship was designated first as a “hunter killer” (CL) and later as a “frigate” (DL) with missile armed versions classified as DLG’s. Destroyers, such as the Forrest Sherman class and their missile-armed immediate successors, the Charles Adams class remained general purpose combatants optimized for a variety of roles, but generally less capable than frigates. Smaller combatants optimized for antisubmarine warfare remained labeled as destroyer escorts (DE’s).
    This condition persisted until the mid 1970’s. U.S. frigates had approached the size and capabilities of World War 2 cruisers in the California and Virginia class DLGN (nuclear-powered) frigates of 10000 tons and nearly 600 feet in length. The traditional antisubmarine warfare escort had also grown in size and capability. Many of these ships, such as the FF 1052 Knox class were significantly larger than the 1940’s-era ships they were replacing. These changes compelled the U.S. to re-designate a number of its warships in 1975 to better reflect the changes in the frigate classification since 1945, as well as to combat a persistent myth that the U.S. had less cruiser-designated ships than the Soviet Union. The frigates were divided into guided missile cruisers and destroyers based on size and capability. U.S. destroyer escorts were renamed as frigates.
    The patrol frigate, later the FFG-7 Oliver Hazard Perry class was the zenith of American Cold War escort design. The Soviet Union was expected to deploy a significant force of subsurface, surface, and aviation platforms to destroy the expected Reforger re-supply convoys crossing the Atlantic to support embattled North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces in Western Europe. Unlike previous escort classes, the FFG-7 was designed as a multimission combatant in order to better meet the expanding Soviet threat. It too, like the LCS,  ballooned in cost. According to a January 3, 1979 General Accounting Office (GAO) report, the cost per ship increased from 64.8 million dollars a ship in 1973, to 194 million a copy by 1979.
    This general classification system of U.S. surface combatants persisted through the end of the Cold War and the first decade of the 2000’s. After 1991, however, the international definition of the frigate category again began to change. Falling defense budgets across the Western world in the wake of the Cold War’s end compelled many nations to put more capabilities into fewer hulls, often designated as frigates, as a cost savings measure. These ships now occupy a place in many European navies analogous to that of the U.S. Arleigh Burke class DDG as the primary surface warships of those nations’ navies. Japan and South Korea have made similar changes, but have retained the destroyer classification for these larger vessels. Russia maintained the Cold War classification structure throughout most of the last 20 years, but its recent frigates are smaller than their late Cold War cousins. The Chinese Navy has followed the Russian Cold War model and gradually increased the size of its frigates as general patrol and escort ships. Although there remain several descriptions of the frigate type warship, the post-Cold War ship now associated the frigate classification has generally grown into a large and capable surface combatant for many nations.
    Does the U.S. Navy need a frigate as defined by these new standards? At the end of their service lives, the Perry class had lost much of their (AAW) and (ASUW) sensors and weapons. Their MK 92 fire control system, MK 13 single arm missile launchers, and medium range Standard Missile (SM-1 MR) systems were largely out of date against the growing antiship cruise missile threat by the turn of the century. They had become the early 21st century equivalent of the late 19th century colonial cruiser, whose chief purpose was to show the flag and conduct low-intensity combat operations.
    The U.S. high capability combatant class is well filled by the CG 47, DDG 51 and DDG 1000 class ships. Such a mass of AAW capable ships was not in service when the Perry’s were conceived. While the U.S. Navy requires a replacement for the Perry’s “show the flag” role, there appears to be no requirement for another medium capability convoy escort in the tradition of past U.S. frigate designs. The cruise missile threat is considerable for even high capability warships such as the DDG 51. A supporting frigate similar in size and capability to current European designs could be built, but would provide little in the way of additional capability beyond present ships. It would also not be a cost effective product for low end presence missions. Unlike during the Cold War, no potential U.S. opponent yet deploys a global naval force capable of simultaneously effectively threatening U.S. seaborne communications in multiple geographic locations. The absence of this threat for now obviates the need for 21st century version of the FFG-7. If that threat develops, advances in missile and torpedo technology will require high capacity escorts like the DDG 51 rather than a new FFG-7.
    The frigate needed for the present Navy is not another Cold War antisubmarine combatant, or an expensive, but less capable version of the DDG 51. It should instead be a general-purpose warship capable of multiple tasks. It must conduct low threat missions such as counter-piracy and presence operations in order to free the DDG force for offensive and defensive missions in high intensity combat. It should be able to perform escort missions for amphibious and logistics force ships for limited periods in appropriate threat environments. The addition of a surface to surface missile armament should allow the frigate to conduct limited ASUW under the Navy’s emerging concept of distributive lethality. LCS’ endurance is 70% of the FFG-7, but it’s still sufficient for extended operations in comparison with smaller corvettes or missile patrol craft. The LCS baseline platform with 57mm gun, Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM), electronic warfare gear, boats, and large flight deck and hangar is an excellent replacement for the FFG-7 in low threat, presence missions. The ship can accomplish escort and additional warfare missions with the weapons and sensors provided in its warfare modules and frigate upgrade. The ship’s modular design readily accepts additional weapons and associated equipment. The frigate upgrade to the basic LCS hull has been derided as insufficient, but only if a 21st century FFG 7 is the desired product. The modifications envisioned for the LCS-based frigate meet current requirements and definitions for the 21st century frigate the Navy requires.
    No would deny the LCS program has suffered significant problems over the course of its history. It introduced multiple new technologies in one platform in order to replace three classes of ship. Problems associated with this effort remain and will likely persist for some time. In spite of these issues, the LCS and its frigate variant represent the best choice for replacing the retiring Perry class frigates in their current role as presence, patrol, and low intensity combat platforms, as well as emerging surface warfare missions. The Navy does not need a 21st century Perry class frigate.
    Steve Wills is a retired surface warfare officer and a PhD student in military history at Ohio University. His focus areas are modern U.S. naval and military reorganization efforts and British naval strategy and policy from 1889-1941. He posts here at CIMSEC,[Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] and at [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] under the pen name of “Lazarus”.[/ltr]








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    by [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]

    [ltr]Dans les années 1880, la situation de la marine américaine n'était guère brillante. Ses vaisseaux étaient pour la plupart de vieux croiseurs en bois datant de la guerre de Sécession et quelques cuirassés "monitors" qui avaient subi de multiples réparations. L'avancement était extrêmement lent et l'existence même de l'US Navy était mise en question. Quelques […]
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    by [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]

    [ltr]A l’occasion du centenaire de la création de la Section Photographique des Armées, l’Etablissement de Communication et de Production Audiovisuelle de la Défense (ECPAD) et le musée de l’Armée proposent, à partir du 10 février, une exposition retraçant un siècle de photographie aux Armées. Une exposition documentaire située sur les piliers de la cour d’Honneur […]
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    [ltr]As long as man has walked the Earth and gazed into the stars, he's asked “what’s out there what’s waiting for me?” Today, our Country asks that very same question, although not for what we can find, but how we can use Space and its resources to advance our scientific and military might into, and hopefully beyond the 21st century.
    With the dawn of rockets and the nuclear confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War, Space would soon become a vital asset for the interests of both countries and other major players for the years to come (particularly China). With the sudden rise of China, and the reemergence of the Russia as a major military power, it is absolutely vital that the United States once again pursue Space for Economic, Political, and Commercial purposes, as well as for strategic military purposes which will benefit not only the military, but the United States as a whole; and how our Navy can play a big role in helping us make this happen.
    As of the time of this writing, the United States and other Western European Countries are currently embroiled in a geopolitical dispute with Russia over Ukraine and the rights of its territory such as Crimea and Eastern Ukraine. As a result of this, the United States and the European Union declared economic sanctions on Russia which are meant to cripple the Russian economy and force Russia out over its interference in Ukraine. In response to this, the Kremlin has threatened to stop shuttling Astronauts to and from the International Space Station, and cut off supplies to the ISS.  In 2007, the Chinese military carried out its first antisatellite missile test when it launched a ground based missile 500 miles to destroy an aging satellite of theirs.
    Both of these events are very disturbing as they easily threaten the United States and its space capability to carry out intelligence gathering and reconnaissance missions in Space using the latest technology and satellites. If these satellites, whether civilian or military, ever happen to be threatened in a time of war, the results could be catastrophic. The Navy should invest in further developing laser weapons like the [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] that are capable of punching holes through thick steel plates on ships as well as a countermeasure against any ballistic missile that may threaten our satellite capability in Space or onboard the ISS. Laser weapons are surprisingly very cheap and affordable. According to Rear Admiral Matthew Klunder in an interview for[url=http://www.defense-aerospace.com/articlesview/feature/5/159975/2015-ushers-in-era-of-laser-weapons.html, [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] “with affordability a serious concern for our defense budgets, this will more effectively manage resources to ensure our sailors and marines are never in a fair fight.” The article goes on to claim that firing this type of weapon can cost less than $1 dollar per shot; a great bargain in a time that our military is starting to see a drawdown in military spending. Christopher Harrier, an analyst at the Institute for the Study of War was quoted as saying that: “The existing naval weapons systems, small-caliber cannons, large-caliber naval guns, and missiles, are at or near the limits of their potential capability. Guns and missiles just aren’t going to get much more accurate or lethal while lasers have significant potential for increases in range, accuracy, lethality, reliability, and cost-effectiveness.”
    It is clear that if the Navy wants to confront new 21st Century threats, it must research and develop new combat systems, whether it is by land, sea, air, or space.  The Russians and the Chinese are also looking into developing similar weapons systems, while also trying to implement a missile defense system capable of intercepting and eliminating enemy targets. With a resurgent Russia and emerging China, this has become a must for defense of our allies and overseas military installations all around the world. It has been stated that an enemy country wouldn’t necessarily have to launch a direct nuclear strike if it wanted to destroy the United States. Countries like China and Russia could simply detonate a nuclear weapon in the upper atmosphere right over the Midwestern United States and knock out most, if not all, of the electrical power grids in the continental United States through an Electromagnetic Pulse Effect. An EMP would be devastating to the United States as it would cripple our infrastructure, down all of our technology, leave the US Government and military crippled and slow to react, and cause the global economy to collapse. It would be a scene right out of a post-apocalyptic film like The Postman or The Book of Eli. Not to mention the millions of casualties and deaths that would occur due to starvation or anarchy. It would truly be a shame and a complete lack of competence if our Government doesn’t have a contingency plan already in place for an event like this.
    In order for this plan on space based missile defense to work however, it must learn from the mistakes made in the 1980’s when Ronald Reagan famously proposed in 1983 his SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) or the “Star Wars Program”. As many people know, SDI was announced in 1983 by Ronald Reagan as a means of countering the Soviet threat with space based weaponry capable of shooting down any Soviet missile before it entered American airspace. Unfortunately, due to the slow technological development at the time of space based missile defense systems, as well as other factors including the Dissolution of the USSR, inefficiency, and overall lack of continued public support, SDI did not succeed in meeting its goals.
    In comparison to the 1980’s-early 90’s, America does have the infrastructure in 2015 to support a new SDI type program. For starters, in 1983 something called: “private space companies” did not exist. With companies such as SpaceX, Virgin Galactic, Orbital Sciences, and Blue Origin starting to appear and establish themselves as legitimate companies in the aerospace sector, there’s no reason why they couldn’t be expected to help the American military develop a space based missile defense system. Similar to how other Aerospace contractors such as Boeing and Lockheed Martin have helped the Air Force in its development of their new aircraft and weapons systems, a joint government/private program with the DoD and Navy providing the funding, and the private companies will handle the testing and development could be developed. That way there won’t be as large of an outcry by the public as there was with SDI in the 1980’s and the politicians/military leaders don’t have to worry so much about any failures and the potential political backlash with the program, as it will fall on the shoulders of the private contractors. Plus, this program will be more affordable now than it ever was in the 1980s.
    SpaceX is currently developing the Falcon-9 space rocket with the intention of making it reusable and cheaper to launch into orbit. According to NASA, the average typical launch cost for the Space Shuttle Program was $450 million dollars. With the SpaceX designed Falcon-9 rocket, that cost is now about 50-56 million USD, an absolute bargain when compared to how much NASA’s launches cost. The biggest obstacle to this plan would not necessarily be the technical or financial challenges involved, but compliance with international law such as the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. Article IV of the 1967 Space Treaty states: “States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner.
    The moon and other celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to the Treaty exclusively for peaceful purposes. The establishment of military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military maneuvers on celestial bodies shall be forbidden. The use of military personnel for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration of the moon and other celestial bodies shall also not be prohibited. “
    The key words in this text being: “Nuclear or any kinds of weapons of mass destruction.” WMD’s are most often defined as being either: Biological, Chemical, Radiological, or Nuclear.  Since lasers do not fall into either of these specifically defined categories (as lasers are electromagnetic), this would not violate international law regarding space and weapons of mass destruction. And their primary purpose would be defensive in nature. The Navy could easily place these interceptors on ships or in bases around the world in order to be alerted by any of these threats, as well as satellites which can track and locate enemy ships and submarines before they attack.
    It is obvious that space will play a critical role in the development of naval affairs and maritime security through the use of satellites and space based defense which will be used to further America’s Naval supremacy in both the Sea and Space throughout the rest of the 21st century and beyond. As we can see, the Navy will not just be limited to the sea but will have an increasingly expanded role as technology and space travel progresses.
    Citations:
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]
    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]
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    [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][url=http://www.politico.com/story/2013/06/electromagnetic-pulse-newt-gingrich-emp-attack-93002.html"%EF%BF%BDHYPERLINK "http://www.politico.com/story/2013/06/electromagnetic-pulse-newt-gingrich-emp-attack-93002.html]gingrich[/url][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.][/ltr]








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    [ltr]Here's the Swiss Air Force jets providing air defense over Davos WEF meeting.
    From Jan. 21 to 24, the Swiss Air Force contributed to the security of the [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]held at Davos, in Switzerland.
    A circular No-Fly Zone, centered in Davos, with a radius of 25 NM, was enforced by the Swiss F/A-18 Hornets of the Fliegerstaffel 11 and the F-5E Tigers of the Fliegerstaffel 8 from [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.], main operating base of the air security operation.
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    Needless to say, all the aircraft taking part in the air policing missions carried live air-to-air missiles: the Tiger jets carried AIM-9P Sidewinder IR-guided AAM (Air-to-Air Missiles) at the wingtips, whereas the Hornets carried 2 [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] at the wingtips and either two [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] or one AIM-120 and the ATFLIR (Advanced Targeting Forward Looking Infra Red) pod underneath the fuselage.
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    Some of the Hornets had the text "STDY 121.5" message on their centerline external fuel tank: a message to any intruder to switch to the international emergency frequency 121.5 MHz to get instructions from the interceptor and the air defense radar.
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    Many F-5Es sported the former [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.]
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    The images in this post were taken at [Você precisa estar registrado e conectado para ver este link.] by The Aviationist's contributor Alessandro Fucito.
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    AFET Chair Elmar Brok travelled to Iraq (Baghdad and Erbil) to discuss recent political, economic and regional developments ahead of the Foreign Affairs Council on the 9th of February.

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    02-02-2015 05:38 PM EET

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    JURI Workshop: CIVIL LAW AND JUSTICE FORUM with the participation of National Parliaments "Cross-border activities in the EU - Making life easier for citizens"

    As in 2011 and 2013, the Committee on Legal Affairs will hold a workshop on civil law with the participation of national parliaments. The focus for this edition will be on private international law: 'Cross-border activities in the EU - Making life easier for citizens'. The workshop will be organised by DG IPOL's Policy Department C and will take place on 26 February 2015.
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    02-02-2015 05:38 PM EET

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    Commissioner Vera JOUROVÁ visited for the first time the FEMM Committee after her formal entry into office. Her statement and the subsequent debate gave Members the opportunity to line out the priorities of the Commission and to sum up the state of play on some relevant files, such as the maternity leave directive, women on boards or violence against women.

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      Data/hora atual: Qui 23 Nov 2017, 00:06